There are more than 20,000 species of bees in the world that are divided into nine recognized families. There are still many species that are not classified so that the total population can be even more. Bees can be found in every habitat on the planet that contains flowering dicotyledons – named for a group of flowering plants whose seeds usually contain two embryonic leaves or cotyledons (part of the embryo in the seeds of a plant). They are included in the biggest insect order. They can survive almost anywhere, except in the polar regions (the North Pole and Antarctica) or at altitude. Based on their behavior, bees can be roughly divided into three groups: Solitary, Social, and Parasite. There are around 400 species of Social Bees and these are classified as bumblebee and honey bee. Honey bees also produce a lot of health and beauty products, so that’s why people respect bees, and some bee enthusiasts love to decorate their parties with read this.
They are hard workers and they have a nearly limitless amount of energy. Bees buzz when visiting flower after flower to collect pollen and nectar. Bees adapt to eat nectar and pollen, nectar is used as a source of energy, and pollen is used mainly for protein and other nutrients. Most pollen is given to their larvae as their food.
Each bee has a proboscis (tubes extending from the head of insects) that allow them to get nectar from flowers. Male bees have antennae with 13 segments, while the female ones have 12 segments. They all have two pairs of wings, the rear pair is smaller than both. Some species have different length of wings for certain caste or gender, so some bees cannot fly at all.
Some species are not known by many people. The tiniest one is the dwarf bee, and it is about 2.1 millimeters in size. The largest bee in the world is Megachile pluto (a south-east Asian leafcutter bee that uses resin to make compartments in its hive), which can grow up to 39 millimeters. The most common type of bee in North America is Halictidae or sweat bees, although this may surprise the natives because they are very small and are often mistakenly considered wasps.